The myth of Icarus and Daedalus – Amy Adkins

The myth of Icarus and Daedalus – Amy Adkins

In mythological ancient Greece, soaring above Crete on wings made
from wax and feathers, Icarus, the son of Daedalus,
defied the laws of both man and nature. Ignoring the warnings of his father,
he rose higher and higher. To witnesses on the ground,
he looked like a god, and as he peered down from above,
he felt like one, too. But, in mythological ancient Greece, the line that separated god from man
was absolute and the punishment for mortals
who attempted to cross it was severe. Such was the case for Icarus and Daedalus. Years before Icarus was born, his father Daedalus was highly regarded
as a genius inventor, craftsman, and sculptor in his homeland of Athens. He invented carpentry
and all the tools used for it. He designed the first bathhouse and the first dance floor. He made sculptures so lifelike
that Hercules mistook them for actual men. Though skilled and celebrated,
Daedalus was egotistical and jealous. Worried that his nephew
was a more skillful craftsman, Daedalus murdered him. As punishment, Daedalus was banished
from Athens and made his way to Crete. Preceded by his storied reputation, Daedalus was welcomed
with open arms by Crete’s King Minos. There, acting as the palace
technical advisor, Daedalus continued to push the boundaries. For the king’s children, he made mechanically animated toys
that seemed alive. He invented the ship’s sail and mast,
which gave humans control over the wind. With every creation, Daedalus challenged
human limitations that had so far kept mortals
separate from gods, until finally, he broke right through. King Minos’s wife, Pasiphaë,
had been cursed by the god Poseidon to fall in love
with the king’s prized bull. Under this spell, she asked Daedalus
to help her seduce it. With characteristic audacity, he agreed. Daedalus constructed a hollow
wooden cow so realistic that it fooled the bull. With Pasiphaë hiding inside
Daedalus’s creation, she conceived and gave birth
to the half-human half-bull minotaur. This, of course, enraged the king who blamed Daedalus for enabling
such a horrible perversion of natural law. As punishment, Daedalus was forced
to construct an inescapable labyrinth beneath the palace for the minotaur. When it was finished, Minos then
imprisoned Daedalus and his only son Icarus within the top of the tallest tower
on the island where they were to remain
for the rest of their lives. But Daedalus was still a genius inventor. While observing the birds
that circled his prison, the means for escape became clear. He and Icarus would fly away
from their prison as only birds or gods could do. Using feathers from the flocks
that perched on the tower, and the wax from candles, Daedalus constructed two pairs
of giant wings. As he strapped the wings
to his son Icarus, he gave a warning: flying too near the ocean
would dampen the wings and make them too heavy to use. Flying too near the sun, the heat would melt the wax
and the wings would disintegrate. In either case, they surely would die. Therefore, the key to their escape
would be in keeping to the middle. With the instructions clear,
both men leapt from the tower. They were the first mortals ever to fly. While Daedalus stayed carefully
to the midway course, Icarus was overwhelmed
with the ecstasy of flight and overcome with the feeling of
divine power that came with it. Daedalus could only watch in horror
as Icarus ascended higher and higher, powerless to change his son’s dire fate. When the heat from the sun melted
the wax on his wings, Icarus fell from the sky. Just as Daedalus had many times ignored the consequences of defying
the natural laws of mortal men in the service of his ego, Icarus was also carried away
by his own hubris. In the end, both men paid for their departure
from the path of moderation dearly, Icarus with his life and Daedalus with his regret.

Dereck Turner

100 thoughts on “The myth of Icarus and Daedalus – Amy Adkins

  1. TED-Ed says:

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  2. the jakesterk says:

    hol up WHAAAAA ?!!!! THE QUEEN FCKED THT BULL ???😂😂

  3. Rosy Rani Singh says:

    I am reminded of 'Percy Jackson And The Battle Of Labyrinth'.

  4. afrax buqus says:

    Why didn't they fly at dawn or dusk, so neither the sun or the ocean could stop them?

  5. Xavxav ToyReview says:

    3:32 to 3:43 hmmm….. GoLdIoCkS

  6. The Only King Pig says:

    Minecraft elytra be like

  7. Peely says:

    The queen: falls in love with red bull
    Also queen: its flying time

  8. Aamir Razak says:

    The higher you climb the further you can fall… RIP Icarus

  9. Andrew Elliot says:

    Now the crowd breaks and a young boy appears
    Looks the old man in the eye
    As he spreads his wings and shouts at the crowd
    "In the name of God my father, I fly!"
    His eyes seem so glazed
    As he flies on the wings of a dream

    Now he knows his father betrayed
    Now his wings turn to ashes to ashes his grave

    Fly on your way like an eagle
    Fly as high as the sun
    On your way, like an eagle
    Fly, touch the sun

  10. GiacoC says:

    these americans pronouncing greek names are horendous…

  11. Jerome Isturis says:

    I swear, greek gods are straight up assholes. Putting a that spell on the kings wife

  12. Drape Nailed Talaoha says:

    sooo is she ghe reason why there are furries???

  13. Mega Lâmpada says:


  14. trupizza says:

    Percy Jackson fans: heavy breathing

  15. Aisy Hatta says:

    Ikaros that his backstory

  16. Ponnam Adithya sai says:

    Percy Jackson and Battle of Labyrinth

  17. Satashree Roy says:

    When did Daedalus have a kid? ._.

  18. James Kelly says:

    That bull every day must’ve said: KILL ME!!!!

  19. Rich Feliz says:

    These hoes ain’t loyal

  20. Icariaball says:

    This mith came from the icarian island and not from crete

  21. ExpTube1969 says:

    Hmm, i found some details here aren't… absolutelty accurate.

  22. tricky2fly says:

    as the young boy spreads his wings
    he shouts at the sky
    in the name of go my father i fly!

  23. Christopher Perry-Hardy says:

    “But I’ve never seen the Icarus story as a lesson about the limitations of humans. I see it as a lesson about the limitations of wax as an adhesive.”

    Randall Munroe

  24. Ayaan KI Vines says:

    Call me Icarus, I guess i flew too close to the sun,
    Myth call me legend, that may be why

  25. A.J Deets says:

    Daedalus was punished by King Minos for helping Theseus slay the Minotaur. That’s why his son Icarus and him were locked up.

  26. พชร สุมาลานุรักษ์ says:

    Elytra is disable in this sever

  27. Baconiall says:

    interesting video! Stream Icarus Falls by Zayn tho!

  28. Nerfed Gamer says:

    I kinda like Minotaur

  29. Gabriel Wong says:

    I know athens!!!

  30. DarK SHiiTs says:

    I killed both..

    In God of war

  31. bigwingedkuriboh says:

    Careful Icarus

  32. IcarusCanSwim says:

    Hehehehehe but… Check my username

  33. Random Stuff Fam says:

    I’m here because I failed this test

    6/24 :/

  34. 13무명씨 says:

    우리 대한민국에는 박정희라는 절반은 인간이고 절반은 신인 사람이 살았습니다.

    그래서 일까요?
    그는 가수와 여대생의 품속에서 믿었던 부하의 총에 맞아 죽습니다.

  35. vcut 12 says:

    how did the people building the unescapable maze escape?

  36. 「 Echozii Camilla 」 says:

    He has flown too close to the sun-

  37. Ruben Lopez says:


  38. Ruben Lopez says:


  39. lemya magzoub says:

    Daedalus: my nephew is better than me

    Daedalus: I could just work harder and u know become better

    Also Daedalus: or I could just straight up murder him

  40. Lynn Kaye TAN says:


  41. Jilliana Valereso says:

    lol im here from Percy Jackson

  42. Excel Blaze says:

    No one has ever complained that parachute didn't worked

  43. MANU RAJ RAI says:

    We read in our English book

  44. Failed at making a sandwich says:

    r.i.p Pit.

  45. Mujahid Syed says:

    Percy Jackson squad, where you at?

  46. nxvermindz says:

    R3HAB-Icarus. Anyone?
    “I have burned for my love.”
    “Flown too close to the sun.”
    “Falling like Icarus.”
    “Now the damage is done.”
    “I have burned for my love.”

  47. Titanic says:

    1:08 imagine just going up to your statue to see that it's head got punched off by hercules.

  48. JOSH ROX says:

    The Flight Of Icarus

  49. K L says:

    He invented the first Bathhouse. I think I detected the problem right there.

  50. Auxius Aeneas says:

    Shouldve traveled at night

  51. Please don’t Subscribe to me says:

    Cousin: pushes me
    Daedalus: alright that’s it.

  52. Ryan Xu says:

    She WHAT

  53. sidharth suravarapu says:

    we learned about the hollow bull in english class but ive suppressed that memory until now

  54. GameSkill Lawrence says:

    Icarus' elytra just ran out of durability.

  55. Flower Crown says:

    *T pose while falling*

  56. DeathSkiller 2.0 says:

    Isnt icarus the nephew of daedalus?

  57. Richie Schneider says:

    It was generous of the captors to give Daedalus all the things he needed to make those wings, other than the feathers.

  58. Prince Rhein Bayoca says:

    That’s wrong

  59. しろいOmega says:

    Ellen: No, your mother did not do that…
    Mandy: she did

  60. Unknown Horse says:

    When you’re young you enjoy these stories, but as you get older you learn their meaning

  61. Andrea Co says:

    i remember reading this when i was abt gr.3 and the ending made one of my classmates cry lmao

  62. Evil Rick says:

    she did what with a bull

  63. Paul Flores says:

    Like si bienes del aspen

  64. Tania Akter says:

    Edward and alfonze can relate

  65. الاول الثاني says:

    Why do you publish these false and abstract stories of reality I mean that the human mind does not absorb them

  66. Animesh Pathak says:

    back when dildos and vibrators were not a thing, Ladies had to improvise adapt and overcome.

  67. J.Y. K says:

    Daedalus, couldn't you have caught him

  68. sans undertale says:

    Deadulus: thinks of creative way to escape
    Icarus: lmao sun time
    Deadulus: Am I a joke to you?

  69. Natu 100 says:

    electricity enters the chat

  70. sean says:

    2:17 i really really don’t like the direction of this

  71. Comrade Stalin says:

    "Yeah I'll frick a bull"

  72. Affr Zew says:

    Well maybe he should make a better wings then

  73. kim lam says:

    She did whatttt?!?

  74. Ashia_savannah says:


  75. Jane Miller says:

    im here after zayn's album called "Icarus Falls"

  76. Jeb_ The water sheep says:

    So that’s where she got the fake bull

  77. marucio Kevin says:

    Pacife was the first furry

  78. Moon Mun says:

    I… did not expected that bull part.. UH..

  79. Caroline Arnado says:

    I bet that there will be a hamilton comments

  80. douby day says:

    All he gotta do is listen to what his dad said

  81. Khalid Sami says:

    In Kuwait there is an island called ikarus. There's also human remains back to 4000 BC for the greek empire. The legend say that icarus drowned in kuwait when the max melted. And thats why the island named by him.

  82. To the Horror says:

    The border between Gods and mortals are decided by a wasp sting created by Zeus. Bellerephone tried to ascend Mt. Olympus with Pegasus, which was later stung by that wasp. Pegasus got into a pain and panic situation toppled its rider to fall to his death.

    This time it was decided by Apollo/Helios hot sun when Icarus doesn't understand the concept of personal space. Daedelus would meet his son again one day in the Styx where Hades rule.

    By the way, King Minos refused to sacrifice the bull to Poseidon as an offering. So Poseidon goes mad like "so you loved that bull more huh?! Let's see how you like it if I pair it with your beloved wife? See who you love more betray your marriage". Thus Poseidon cursed Pasiphae to fall in love with the Bull.

  83. DanFan123 - COPPA Sucks says:

    Should have said they have defied physics

  84. (((MASSIVE))) says:

    This is what Pacify said "I want to f** a bull"

  85. Alpha Fo0d says:

    Giant elytra

  86. Prakhya Nigam says:

    Who over here had read Percy Jackson, knows abt all of this and is still watching?

  87. Duke Devlan says:

    You know after the wax wings he could have upgraded it with something that doesn't melt so that the problem would never happen again

  88. Glennza Gelasius says:

    Who's here after watching loona's teaser?

  89. Rishabh Ranjan says:

    Icarus Falls

  90. Halcyon • says:

    Loona theorists be like:

  91. lizzybee 3.14 says:

    They say that the fall of icarus created such a big splash that an island erupted in the shape of a wing called Ikaria. I used to visit this small island every summer and it was an amazing place.

  92. Idk Tbh says:

    Here because of Loona

  93. Mr. Clean says:

    Imagine your wife cheating on you with a bull

  94. hityouwithacoustic says:

    a pair able to make their own wings and a para bull born from trickery – neither a shield against the Sun. No Bull !

  95. 정민여ㅁㅇ says:


  96. Minimal says:

    Icarus represents youth's stupidity

  97. h e l l o says:

    Daedalus Stormbow

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