how to frame a wall 16 inch on center (CC)


Hi I’m Bob Schmidt with HomeRemodelWorkshop I’ve made videos on how to lay out on
how to build your wall square inside a space how to build plumb walls how to put
your framing members in so your wall is nice and flat but has been brought to my attention
that I’ve never actually showed you how to do a typical sixteen inch layout on a stud wall Let’s get to work A couple of basic tools that you’re
going to need to do a typical plate layout is a couple of straight plates of course
one representing a top plate of the wall one representing the bottom plate but the other tools that are going to be
required is either a framing square or this is called a speed square either one will work for doing what we’re
going to do When doing a typical layout for a wall
as to where you’re going to put your studs first thing you do is lay your two plates
next to each other your top and bottom plates so they are nice and flush hear on the end
just about every standard layout tape that i’ve ever seen has these red marks at the typical wall stud layout a typical mistake
someone makes is they say well I’ll go ahead and I’ll mark the sixteen and then I’ll put my stud one side
or the other and we’re going to be good these marks are for centers so basically what you have to do is
since the width of a typical wall stud is an inch and a half which is three-quarters and three
quarters as your tapes hooked on the end of the
board go ahead and make your first mark at
three-quarters back from every red stud mark so that would be fifteen and a quarter put an X over top of where the
red is then come down to thirty one and a
quarter put your X over top where the red is
forty seven and a quarter and so forth and so on Every wall has
to start with a stud you automatically just put an X on the end of your wall
you’re beginning of your wall then you go ahead and take your framing square there’s a thin side to your framing square there’s a fat side to your framing square the thin side to your framing square is
exactly the same as an inch and a half typical stud so what you do is you take your framing
square line it up on your first mark over top of both plates and you put a mark on both sides of the framing square you put an X in between both of them and you know when these plates go into
place or when you’re building your wall that wall framing stud needs to sit
right between these marks a very good question to ask would be is why do I have to concern myself with
laying these out sixteen inch on center why not just throw enough in there that
it looks good well there’s several reasons the basic most important reason is most building material comes in two foot
increments drywall comes in four foot widths
eight-foot widths or eight foot lengts twelve-foot lengths if you start a sheet of drywall in this very
beginning when you get down to the other side that sheet of drywall should break
right in the center of the stud having you ready for the next sheet to come off but you
also have to concern yourself with what goes in the wall insulation for one example
is designed to have exactly the right size to fit
inbetween a sixteen inch on center layout not only is insulation a concern but also medicine cabinets are designed
to fit in a typical sixteen inch layout as are ironing board fold downs as
are pre premade forms for tile backers in showers so that basically a a single piece can
slip into this space and give you a more of a watertight
in time saving in putting some of your stuff together another huge advantage
about sticking with the sixteen inch lay out is there’s a lot of things that go on the
outside of the drywall on this wall too well by the time it comes time to put
down baseboard or put up crown mold or anything that’s going to anchor
cabinets to the outside of this wall uh… it’s nice to know where the studs
are because those are your anchoring points now as long as you stick with the
sixteen inch layout typically if you find one single stud in the center of this wall and get a mark on it you know where every other stud is on
the wall be it for nailing base be it for screwing cabinets anything that is going to anchor onto this
wall it’s a killer time saver when the time comes instead of having to hunt and peck as to where those studs are another thing to consider when
laying out your wall is what the existing structure is let’s say these
represent floor joists that are up above you that you’re
building a wall too and this is your top plate that you’re going
to anchor tool it’s always a good idea particularly if
you have a sixteen inch layout on your floor joist to try to have your framing members that
come below it lined up with the sixteen inch centers even if this isn’t a weight bearing wall you’re not necessarily trying to hold it
better however if there were a heat run coming through
this space that you need to cut this plate out you need to turn that heat run and bring it down into this space if you have a wall stud layout that’s
right in the center of these two floor joists you’re gonna have to move framing from
side to side to get out of the way of your utilities or if you have a electrical panel that’s going to go in
this space down here you have a lot of electrical feeds coming down you’d like
to drill several holes in the top plate to have plenty of room to bring them
down it’s always better to have it centered over top of your existing framing so there you go that’s the abc’s of how
and why you lay out a sixteen inch on center wall the way you we typically do it in the
field I hope you found this information
useful if you need the next step like I mentioned in the earlier part of
the video we have many other videos that pertain just to building walls anchoring them setting them up and making them straight I’m Bob Schmidt with HomeremodelWorkshop hope
you found this useful

Dereck Turner

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