Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11

Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11

How many cultures are there in the world? We’ve talked a lot about the things that
make a culture a culture – things like norms
and symbols and languages. But we haven’t really discussed how you
lump all those little things together and say, yes,
these are the things that belong together – these things are culture A, and
these other things are culture B. So, what are the rules of culture? Well, culture isn’t just about nationality,
or the language you speak. You and another person can live in the same
country and speak the same language, and still
have totally different cultural backgrounds. Within a single country, even within a single
city, you see lots of different cultures, and each person’s cultural background will
be a mishmash of many different influences. So, there really isn’t – and never will be – a single,
agreed-upon number of cultures that exist in the world. But that doesn’t mean we can’t recognize
a culture, and understand cultural patterns
and cultural change, and think about how different cultures
contribute to the functioning of society. [Theme Music] Are you more likely to spend your free time
at a football game, or at a modern art gallery? Do you watch NCIS or True Detective? Do you wear JC Penney or J Crew? These distinctions – and many more like them –
are just one way of distinguishing between cultural
patterns, in terms of social class. Because, yes, Class affects culture,
and vice versa. So one way of looking at culture is by examining
distinctions between low culture and high culture. And OK, yeah, those are kinda gross sounding
terms. But I want to be clear: High culture does
not mean better culture. In fact, so-called low culture is also known as popular
culture, which is exactly what it sounds like: Low or popular culture includes the cultural behaviors and ideas that are popular with most people in a society. High culture, meanwhile, refers to cultural
patterns that distinguish a society’s elite. You can sort of think of low culture versus
high culture as the People’s Choice Awards
versus the Oscars. The Hunger Games probably weren’t gonna
be winning Best Picture at the Oscars. But they were massive blockbusters, and the
original movie was voted the best movie of
2012 by the People’s Choice Awards. By contrast, the winner of Best Picture at
the Oscars that same year was The Artist, a black and white silent film produced by
a French production company. Very different movies, very different types
of culture. Now, you can also look at how different types
of cultural patterns work together. The Hunger Games and The Artist may appeal
to different segments of society, but ultimately, they both fit into mainstream American media
culture. Mainstream culture includes the cultural
patterns that are broadly in line with a society’s
cultural ideals and values. And within any society, there are also
subcultures – cultural patterns that set apart a
segment of a society’s population. Take, for example, hipsters! They make up a cultural group that formed around the idea of rejecting what was once considered “cool,” in favor of a different type of cultural expression. Yeah, your beard and your fixed-gear bike, or your
bleach blonde hair and your thick-framed glasses – they’re all part of the material culture that signifies
membership in your own specific sub-culture. But, who decides what’s mainstream and what’s
a sub-culture? I mean, the whole hipster thing has gone pretty
mainstream at this point. Typically, cultural groups with the most power
and societal influence get labelled the norm, and people with less power get relegated to
sub-groups. The US is a great example of this. In large part because of our history as a country of immigrants, the US is often thought of as a “melting pot,” a place where many cultures come together to form a single combined culture. But how accurate is that? After all, each subculture is unique – and they
don’t necessarily blend together into one big cohesive
culture just because we share a country. And more importantly, some cultures are valued
more than others in the US. For example, everyone gets Christmas off
from school, because Christian culture holds
a privileged role in American society. That might not seem fair, if you’re a member of a
sub-culture that isn’t folded into mainstream culture. So, it’s not really a melting pot if one flavor
is overpowering all the other flavors. And this brings me to another subject: How
we judge other cultures, and subcultures. Humans are judgmental.
We just are. And we’re extra judgmental when we see
someone who acts differently than how we
think people should act. Ethnocentrism is the practice of judging one
culture by the standards of another. In recent decades, there’s been growing
recognition that Eurocentrism – or the preference
for European cultural patterns – has influenced how history has been
recorded, and how we interpret the lives
and ways of people from other cultures. So what if, rather than trying to melt all the cultures
into one, we recognize each individual flavor? One way to do this is by focusing research on
cultures that have historically gotten less attention. For example, afrocentrism is a school of thought
that re-centers historical and sociological study on the
contributions of Africans and African-Americans. Another option is expanding and equalizing
your focus. Instead of looking at behavior through the
lens of your own culture, you can look at it through
the lens of multiculturalism – a perspective that, rather than seeing society as a homogenous culture, recognizes cultural diversity while advocating for equal standing for all cultural traditions. In this view, America is less a “melting
pot” and more like a multicultural society. Still, the ways in which cultures and subcultures
fit together – if at all – can vary, depending on your
school of thought as a sociologist. For example, from a structural functionalist
perspective, cultures form to provide order
and cohesiveness in a society. So in that view, a melting pot of cultures
is a good thing. But a conflict theorist might see the interactions
of sub-cultures differently. Prioritizing one sub-culture over another can create
social inequalities and disenfranchise those who belong
to cultures that are at odds with the mainstream. It’s hard to encourage individual cultural
identities without promoting divisiveness. In the US at least, it’s a constant struggle. But sometimes, sub-groups can be more
than simply different from mainstream culture
– they can be in active opposition to it. This is what we call a counter-culture. Counter-cultures push back on mainstream culture
in an attempt to change how a society functions. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble to take a
trip back to one of the biggest counter-cultural
periods of the 20th century: the 1960s. In the United States, the 1960s were rife
with countercultures. It was a time of beatniks, and hippies, of
protests against the Vietnam war, and of protests
for civil rights and women’s liberation. These movements were often led by young people
and were seen as a rebellion against the culture
and values of older generations. This was the era of free love, where people
embraced relationships outside of the traditionally
heterosexual and monogamous cultural norms. Drug use – especially the use of psychedelic
drugs – was heavily associated with this sub-culture
and was celebrated in its popular culture – think Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
or the Beat authors’ books about acid trips. But this counter-culture was also a push back
politically against mainstream culture. Many cornerstones of the politics of the American left
have their origins in the counter-culture of the 1960s: anti-war, pro-environmentalism,
pro-civil rights, feminism, LGBTQ equality. From the Stonewall riots to the Vietnam war protests,
‘60s counter-culture was where many of these issues
first reached the public consciousness. Thanks Thought Bubble! So, counter-cultures can often act as
catalysts for cultural change, especially if they
get big enough to gain mainstream support. But cultures change all the time, with or
without the pushback from sub-cultures and
counter-cultures. And different parts of cultures change at
different speeds. Sometimes we have what’s called a cultural
lag, where some cultural elements change more
slowly than others. Take how education works, for example. In the US, we get the summer off from school. This is a holdover from when this was a
more agricultural country, and children needed
to take time off during harvest. Today, there’s no real reason for summer
vacation, other than that’s what we’ve always done. So how does cultural change happen? Sometimes, people invent new things that change
culture. Cell phones, for example, have
revolutionized not just how we make phone calls,
but how we socialize and communicate. And inventions don’t just have to be material. Ideas, like about money or voting systems,
can also be invented and change a culture. People also discover new things. When European explorers first discovered tomatoes in Central America in the 1500s and brought them back to Europe, they completely changed the culture of food. What would pizza be without tomatoes?! A third cause of cultural change comes
from cultural diffusion, which is how cultural
traits spread from one culture to another. Just about everything we think of as classic
“American” culture is actually borrowed and
transformed from another culture. Burgers and fries?
German and Belgian, respectively. The American cowboy?
An update on the Mexican vaquero. The ideals of liberty and justice for all
enshrined in our founding documents? Heavily influenced by French philosophers
like Rousseau and Voltaire, and British philosophers like Hobbes and Locke, as well as by the Iroquois
Confederacy and its ideas of representative
democracy. Whether we’re talking about material culture
or symbolic culture, we’re seeing more and more aspects of culture shared across nations
and across oceans. As symbolic interactionists see it, all of
society is about the shared reality – the
shared culture – that we create. As borders get thinner, the group of people
who share a culture gets larger. Whether it’s the hot dogs we get from Germany or the jazz and hip hop coming from African traditions, more and more cultures overlap as technology and globalization make our world just a little bit smaller. And as our society becomes more global, the
questions raised by two of our camps of sociology, structural functionalism and conflict theory,
become even more pressing. Are the structural functionalists right? Does having a shared culture provide points
of similarity that encourage cooperation and
help societies function? Or does conflict theory have it right? Does culture divide us, and benefit some
members of society more than others? In the end, they’re both kind of right. There will always be different ways of
thinking and doing and living within a society –
but culture is the tie that binds us together. Today, we learned about different types of
culture, like low culture and high culture. We looked at different ways of categorizing
cultures into sub-cultures. We contrasted two different ways of
looking at cultural diversity: ethno-centrism and
multi-culturalism. We discussed the role of counter cultures
and explored how cultural change happens. And lastly, we looked at a structural
functionalist and a conflict theory perspective
on what cultures mean for society. Crash Course Sociology is filmed in the Dr. Cheryl C. Kinney Studio in Missoula, MT, and it’s made with the help of all these nice people. Our Animation Team is Thought Cafe and Crash
Course is made with Adobe Creative Cloud. If you’d like to keep Crash Course free for
everyone, forever, you can support the series at Patreon, a crowdfunding platform that allows
you to support the content you love. Speaking of Patreon, we’d like to thank all of our patrons in general, and we’d like to specifically thank our Headmaster of Learning David Cichowski. Thank you for your support.

Dereck Turner

99 thoughts on “Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11

  1. Mofo Mofo says:

    is the narrative albino

  2. Ibrahim Deniz says:

    Türkçe altyazı ekleyebilir misiniz?

  3. Daniel 526 says:

    who else is watching this for class

  4. John Szymusiak says:

    She talks to fast

  5. ABK says:

    i slot you ….. ur so great….thankx alot

  6. Shahab Khan says:

    Crash Course is one of the best educational youtube channel and i have recommended it to like a dozen of people so far. I am already done with with John Green at Crash Course US history and will definitely watch another Crash Course Series after this. Thank you Team Crash Course.

  7. ghiribizzi says:

    Oooh the sixties 5:18 , currently generation gap it's technological, which is mass culture. Remember when mtv was bought by the big corporations? Well that's when it got from bad to worst and also the end of an era

  8. lena luong says:

    great informative video I wish she just spoke a little slower

  9. Sahil maan says:

    I love her smiley face😋😘😍

  10. Auntie Jane says:

    I'd appreciate if these videos included some authors that contributed to the definition of the concepts and theories

  11. shuaib asadullah says:

    your video made is so professional with high quality. Good job and stay awesome.

  12. Guardian of the Golden Stool says:

    Wow!!!! Not to be overly race conscious but I thought it was weird with the hand circle a part from the black hand there were soooo’ many light skinned(or near white)colored hands in the circle. That’s quite odd considering all the brown colored peoples in the world whether they be in portions of Central and South America, North America(Native America), North Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands or even in Southern Europe.

  13. Ercan Er says:

    you choose a very cute way of conceptualisation of "orientalism"…

  14. Bernice Quist says:

    Omg….you talk so fast…lol…..but am glad I watched because I learnt alot

  15. Jay Charm says:

    You need to slow down a little

  16. Specular Effect says:

    Afrocentrism – The school of thought that RE-ENGINEERS historical and sociological study on the "contributions" of Africans and African-Americans.

  17. BlaqRoo says:

    I make YouTube videos about society and culture (how to stop stigma) and this was helpful to watch thanks.

  18. Ozitas 10 says:

    CrashCourse crashing courses…..thank you

  19. Manolin Rojer says:

    is there any video about impact of subculture over mainstreamculture ?

  20. Zachary Worm says:

    7:30 I don't think she got it right about the influences. The bible had more of an impact.

  21. Nick Demos says:

    I smell liberal propaganda sprinkled in here.

  22. The Calloway says:

    Her voice is annoying.

  23. LoftyOasis says:

    This was a pretty interesting video to go through a bunch of ideas really fast, but I had to change the video speed to 0.75 because normal speed was going too fast for me to be able to actually process what I was hearing. I forgot that youtube videos have that option, so helpful if any of you had the same problem as me. Cheers!

  24. Shrink Tank says:

    "Culture isn't just about nationality and the language that you speak." THIS. 👏👏👏

  25. xXPanklXx says:

    Please talk a little bit slower 🙈😂

  26. Trent Oneil says:

    She speaks way to fast for me lol.



  28. L S says:

    Summer Break has nothing to do with farming; that's a myth. I grew up in a farm town, and farmers don't do anything during the summer. They planted in the spring, while I was in school, and they harvested in the fall, while I was in school. The farmer kids skipped school to work on the planting and harvest. I've seen other shows credit the roots of summer break to 19th century ideas of avoiding burnout, with the public schools modeling their calendars after the university system.

  29. Mikail Imthiyaz says:

    You know when someone says one word so much that you realize how weird it sounds? I experienced that in the intro

    culture culture culture

  30. Isaac says:

    1:00 I’d be in the art gallery sketching the art, listening to the match because I’m kinda introverted and don’t like large crowds but love art.

  31. We Gon Be Alright says:

    Salad bowl. America's not a melting pot, it's a bowl of salad.

  32. GURUDAS ROY says:

    Great. It helped me a lot. May I know the presenter's name?

  33. Eagle 6 says:

    We take summers off because of harvest? Since when is harvest in June, July and August? The information in this video about cultures, sub-cultures, counter-cultures is seriously flawed. America is a melting pot as we are a nation of immigrants, but through most of our history, those immigrants would assimilate into the one American society and this is what made us unique. Granted, there are a vast many sub-cultures in an assimilated society, but what the left is doing to day is to split us apart. The left's viewpoint which is the viewpoint of this video, that we should not be an assimilated one-nation, but a fractured nation full of various cultures and sub-cultures, and this is why instead of American flags, we are now seeing Mexican, Argentinian, Puerto Rican, Cuban flags, etc. Wearing a shirt to school with a Mexican flag is okay, but a shirt with an American flag is not. These are the issues and this junk that the left is spewing will destroy the country. But hey, that is what the left is all about anyway.
    And with regards to the young lady in this video, it is not her fault that she is spewing just what she was taught to believe in college.

  34. Steinbot says:

    Say no to cultural Marxism

  35. Naps over college degree says:

    This 9 minute video saved me from failing my sociology exam.

  36. JoelRiter says:

    As a student of anthropology, I have learnt that culture is biological expectations. There is no such thing as sub cultures. The best way to look at it is the US disappeared then so would all subcultures. If some of these "subcultures" disappeared then American culture would still exist. Also American culture is best summarized as the myth of individualism.

  37. Tech Intuition says:

    lol slow down already

  38. Brian Brau says:

    This is an explanation of culture interpreted through a far left lens

  39. Tom McMorrow says:

    At the age of 31, I felt I've been a part of each one of these three descriptors in my search for, and eventual settling into, my identity.

    In 2004 when I was 15/16, I was heavily part of the emo/goth subculture group that pervaded high school at that time. Outfits were all black, my favorite bands were My Chemical Romance and Linkin Park, and my parents just didn't "get me".

    In 2008 when I was around 20, I discovered marijuana and spent the next 4 years with a different group as part of the 'counterculture' revival. I fully embraced the hippie moniker and loved the live Woodstock album and movies like Fear and Loathing. I engaged in free love and protests (and earned a 1.02 GPA!), with hippie stickers on my bumper and incense burning in the back seat.

    Finally, in 2012, I started to realize that those two sub and counter-cultures were pieces of who I am at my core, but not my identity. I went back to school and came out the other side a clean-cut, conservative finance guy who dresses like he stepped out of a J Crew magazine. Oh, and I finished with a 3.96 GPA (a far cry from my hippie days!).

    It was a fascinating time of discovery and changing different cultures to find where I truly fit, but I can say with certainty that I have felt at home here as I returned to my upper-middle-class roots these last 7 years. It was a wild journey, for sure.

  40. Cecylia Stanczak says:

    Mmmm, language is absolutely fundamental to a culture – you can't just gloss over it (actually you can and you did!). Also, who decided that we define subcultures by the amount of 'power' they have or don't have? All sounds very post-modern to me. This is a good video and well presented but the subtle political bias of the content is not really suitable for objective learning.

  41. Chad Warren says:

    Thanks for educating in a way that I don't feel like I am being propagandized to agree with a point of view.

    I would label myself a critical thinker who is often critical of our world society because I perceive it to be run by royal families then own these nations in governments and businesses openly proclaim that the worst they fight are against us.

    They promote NASA and environmentalism not because they care anything about We the people that they use those topics to sneak in their constant goal to depopulate the Earth so they can continue to bully the rest of us.

    I say all that so that the audience understands that it is not my goal to be argumentative or to feel ostracized from the majority of the population whom I feel would rather associate with the conventional way reality is described that is funded by these rich elites who openly proclaim that they're better than the rest of us.

    I am also critical of my personal behavior as well as the other truth-seeking citizen journalists like myself.

    so I am writing in this comments section today in order to extend an olive branch to other individuals within our world community in hopes that we could combine this critical conspiracy point of view with this area of studying human culture.

    Paradoxically because I feel the need to defend my own individuality and that aspect of the entire human species as it is being attacked by fake behavior that is promoted by the bank or run media and artificial intelligence pushing us all around towards this anti human point of view.

    Now that I've learned all this information like that NASA released a warfare of the future document that explains that the plan is for this banker run government to attack the people by 2025 I want to learn how to organize a viable folk community locally that is connected with other independent folk communities worldwide.

    I think that problems like drug addiction can be seen as part of consumer addiction which is a secular version of religious mind control.

    If divide and conquer pig alien dialectical tactics are used by the ruling class purses the consumer slave class then we should grow up and learn how to address these issues without being hateful or blaming anybody.

    my suggestion is that we refer to the existing corporate government system for what it is which it represents the will of the bankers and the royal families that own everything.

    I would like to help set up a folk business government using smartphones as well as offline systems so that we can represent ourselves and our unified efforts.

    I don't want my son to grow up in a world where he has to choose between two bad outcomes – go along with what is popular without question so you can be happy or face the truth which is ugly and feel ostracized in like you oppose 90 + percent of the people.

    I like what you said about how the intended design of America as far as we're concerned is to respect the diversity of individuals and groups in bringing out the best in all of us.

    I want to see what happens if you could get these different parties together in a folk version of the UN so that we are not following the propaganda from the media design to divide us but we are creating solutions.

    The main scam that I see in all sectors of life is the difference between talking about a good idea versus actually executing it.

    I still agree with the concept of a United States because even if I think that I understand things more correctly than a majority of people who I consider to be mind-controlled I know that it's not going to matter unless I can communicate and cooperate with the greater community.

    We need more unity that is gained through the hard work encountering people with different ideas in getting past our entrenched positions in the more that we directly work on what goes on in this world the more that we will be helping and the last we will be arguing in a way that is not beneficial for us as individuals or a group.

  42. pedro D banana says:

    i would love to see more videos about culture and culture studies snd philosophers like william raymond.. l s eliot.. marx.. hegel.. eagleton.. gramsci……etc 's views and definition of it

  43. Lisa Dixon says:

    I'm an Irish Polish Italian Catholic of the folk mass dem/ union variety.
    at school and since I've been inundated with nerd culture, but otoh I like actual subjects vs fandoms.

  44. Grim The Ghastly says:

    To summarize: nothing about America is actually American, which is precisely what makes it so American.

  45. Jarno van der Zee says:

    coffee, metal, and motorcycles whos with me☝️

  46. TeacherIHaveAQuestio says:

    I just loved it, but maaan, she speaks fast! hhahaha

  47. Prashant Dahiya says:


  48. SHANOVA Bertinovsla says:

    We live in a society.

  49. Bangla Tricks Touch says:

    i well 1000 sub me

  50. Lizard King says:

    my gosh you talk really fast :O

  51. shemgem says:

    I know this is crash course, but I wish she did not talk so fast

  52. Matthew Terry says:

    Are hipsters a “subculture” or micro culture?

  53. Swapnil S.V. Kamble says:

    You are simply fantastic. I am a Media Academician from India and i found your video perfect for explaining `Culture` with many interesting terminologies. Keep it up. Thanks!

  54. Maiq The Liar VII says:

    Harvest isn't in the summer though?
    I thought taking summer off was to avoid sticking large amounts of people in the same building pre-air conditioning.
    Point still stands though

  55. ShannieG says:

    she was speaking wayyyy to fast

  56. Aneeza Hashmi says:

    too much speed

  57. Aneeta Joseph says:

    can you do a video on mass culture and popular culture?

  58. Maximiliano Prats Arbó says:

    hey esade people OKEIIIIIIIIIIIII

  59. Kuri Inuki says:

    Whenever someone gives a preemptive warning saying something like:
    "but the so-called low and high doesn't really mean one is lower and one is higher"
    I'll know that what she's gonna say will exactly involve lower and higher social classes…

  60. Vicha Vich says:


  61. Asad Gondal says:

    The only thing I don't appreciate is the portrayal of summer vacations as pointless activity ! Student inside me was like ( Please Don say that !) 😂😂😂

  62. Storm ise Champ says:

    With the concept 'culture', there are fights between Black people vs Black people, Arabic people vs Arabic people, Latin people vs Latin people, Asian people vs Asian people, Jewish people vs Jewish people , Hindu people vs Hindu people who share the same culture but without the concept of 'culture' there would be fights between Black people vs Black people, Arabic people vs Arabic people, Latin people vs Latin people, Asian people vs Asian people, Jewish people vs Jewish people , Hindu people vs Hindu people.
    With or without the invention of 'culture' humanity have free to make civil wars (even twin brothers can have conflicts).

  63. Z T says:

    Can you add turkish subtitle as well?
    Here’s a suggestion, you should talk slowly, there are people who are not native speakers🤦‍♀️
    Anyway, thanks for the videos! I like it✨

  64. Carlos Garcia says:

    That ain't John Green

  65. Byron Hotchkiss says:

    thing is… all cultures aren't equal in their merit. if you think otherwise, you've never read a history book.

  66. ALYSSA WATSON says:

    What are cross-cultural studies?

  67. PastelGhoul says:

    Guys we are living in the 1960's

  68. Billy Giuliano says:

    The beauty of the melting pot analogy is not that all of those other cultures are merged into one. Rather it is that you can taste the individual flavors while also still tasting the thing as a whole. If there's more salt in the pot, you're gonna taste more salt, but that doesn't mean that the pepper isn't there and isn't vital to the dish. Contrast this with the salad bowl analogy, where everything is separate and distinct. Sure you get to see and taste each individual thing, but there's no blending or mixing into anything new, just a bunch of separate ingredients that happen to share the same container.

  69. Lydia Jen says:

    I love this!!! thanks so much – it gave me so much clarity within myself 🙂 thanks!

  70. El crack says:

    Soy el unico que habla español aquí??

  71. Cobra Commander says:

    7:28 WRONG.

    The American Cowboy & the Mexican Vaquero are both updates of the SPANISH Vaquero, and by Spanish I mean Spain.

  72. justa randomgirl says:

    Watching crash course is so helpful

  73. Peace out, Shadia! says:

    Thank you, for the enlightenment.

  74. Clang Chang says:

    I just want to know what’s the meaning of “Culture” just plain and simple..

  75. Kaden N says:

    I’m glad this is here. I’m doing a project where I need to find a way without using an essay to answer the question “what is normal?” And this helped me out

  76. EA R says:

    I struggle with the idea of ant main culture or subculture is how it always seem to form it's own echo chamber and gatekeeper mentality. I think people get confused with identifying with something vs identifying as something (their core being).

  77. Some dude says:

    There is no us and them. There is only us.

  78. steve jaubert says:

    Now, let's see some discussion about cultural manipulation – e.g. the Hippies in the 60s and their so-called anti-war movement agenda when in fact it was a "turn on tune in and drop out" one that detracted from the anti-war movement itself. That brings up the power of psy ops and allusions to what our media is doing today e.g. promoting false flags that are promoting cultural clash.

  79. NickTheWinner says:

    its good to have straight A's.

  80. Aadil Nadil says:

    Plz make a video on Collective Behavior and it's characteristics. 😄

  81. slim boo says:

    Class effects culture, high culture elite low popular culture, culture patterns,

  82. slim boo says:

    Norm control of control main values mainstream culture eurocentrism afrocentrism provides order and cohesiveness sub culture counter culture hegenomous norms catalyst for cultural change, change at different speeds, invent new things changes through tech,food diffusion borrowed and transformed borrowed by other cultures, shared cultures jazz hip hop overlaps of culture, shared similarities in order to work together

  83. Jason James says:

    Sorry, but I could not finish the video due to this woman's narrative style. It's as if the building was on fire and she had to quickly finish and get out in a hurry. It was like a distressed bird chirping. The constant and pointless jump cuts only contributed to the narrative mayhem. Even after rewinding and watching something twice, I was still missing details. SLOW IT DOWN, and take a more conversational pacing to present the information!

  84. true feminist free thinker provocateur says:

    Anthropology needs to be from kintergarden in America.


    My culture is Belize, african 👨🏿

  86. King Paint says:

    How fun, living in a city where no one shares the same culture.

  87. says:

    The world would be a much better place if the counterculture of the 1960s continued. It needs to be revived today.

  88. Jana Semrau says:

    You say 'it's not really a melting pot if one flavour is overpowering all other flavours', right? But that's what the concept of the melting pot is about isn't it? Mleting pot means that all other cultures are forced to assimilate to the 'mainculture' the 'mainstream' so only one culture is dominant.

  89. Amna Saqlain says:

    I love how she always say thanks thought bubble…
    Maybe she's trying to integrate the value of thanking and norms and values expected of us

  90. OjaruFan says:

    The intro music from 0:49 to 1:00 reminds me of WarioWare. 😀

  91. Creeperking III says:


  92. Kami says:

    Mrs Thurman gangggg

  93. Felix Bruyns says:

    Culture is habits and ideas. Some of the habits are beneficial, some detrimental. Some of the ideas are truth, others false. It would be a greater use of the limited resources of human time and energy to determine (and yes, judge!) the desirability of behavioral patterns, social or otherwise, than simply to invent an arcane language of big words to sound smart. Unfortunately, sociology has done more of the latter than of the former, and it's precisely for this reason that the only thing it creates is more jobs for teaching sociology. Whether so intended or not, it's an intellectual pyramid scheme, as it teaches nothing practical, since the practical dares to judge and discard to improve human beings, not just teach them large words with which to obsess over themselves.

  94. Ashanti Segundo says:

    ¿Por qué se relativiza a las aportaciones de la cultura africana con las poblaciones africanas-estadounidenses? Me llama la atención que, bajo esa corriente, se enfatize las aportaciones de las poblaciones de africa, así como de africanos estadounidenses; existe una gran consideración de aportaciones de la cultura africana, que no tiene que ver con la estadounidense. Pareciese ser que existe una hegemonía teórica de que lo estadounidense es lo mas importante.

  95. Joseph Groves says:

    Um, we didn't get summer's of because of harvest season. Harvest season takes place AFTER summer. We got summers off because the richer folks in town didn't want their kids to roast to death in an unventilated school house.

  96. Angel truth says:

    I hate hunger games it's so boring, I prefer detective dramas. I hate pop culture too, I prefer everything vintage and old school.

  97. Murderino says:

    I have that shirt…. lol Awesome

  98. Vebjørn Sandnes says:

    I think we might see culture conflict like never before. Going to be exciting to see the outcomes of the future. New kulturkampf.



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