Now, for some of us who are not very familiar or… with uh, smartphones sometimes, installing an apps could be very daunting, right ? You’re trying to figure out how exactly I’m going to use this, you know ’cause I have not used it before. The good thing about this app is you know, it has a question mark button where you can press it and it will overlay all the helps over here tell you exactly you know, how you can use it so, which is a very good feature So, don’t be afraid you know. So, it has a it has a very good What you call guide, help and guide you know, that can that can teach you along the way. If you pick on a particular feature you want to use another feature you just it the help button and then it will teach you how to use it. Ok. The one very common feature… uhm… on, in fact on many, many apps besides Snapseed, on any apps is called automatic correction. Ok. So, what does automatic correction do ? So, automatic correction actually tries to compensate if they look to analyse your photo and see that whether the contrast, look at whether the… what you call the brightness and try to compensate for that to automatically correct that. Ok. For example this is an original shot. And then what it does after it automatic correct automatically corrected for it. Ok. So you can see that all these things were a little bit dull. So it will adjust and brighten it up. Ok. So, this is just one button just hit the button and it automatically do it for you. So, this is one particular feature everybody could use it It’s just automatic correction, just one button. You load in that photo, just hit one button and it’s done. Ok. This is the simplest one. Now, just now I mentioned about portrait shots. Actually you can take a portrait shot as part of a camera setting but some camera actually support that meaning that, as you press a button to take a shot it will automatically create a portrait shot. Now, apps also can do it. For those of you who don’t have, you know uhm… camera setting that supports that, don’t despair right, you always like the feel of depth that you create with digital SLR camera, right, you can still do it over here. To some.. I call it to some degree. Still not as good as a digital SLR but to some degree can do that. So… for example in this case the same photo, right, this is original, and I can post process it this is how it looks like. So actually I cropped it as well, crop it to make it a little bit off-centre but you can see right, when I portrait shot it I make this as the centre of my portrait so this thing will be in focus and the rest of it will be, you know, blurred out a little bit out of focus, to create that I call it maybe fake type of feel, so to speak. Ok. This is another one we call it tilt shift miniature. This is again post processing trick to create a depth of feel again. Ok. Right, this is the original photo. This is where I took I went to a cafe to take a coffee in San Francisco So, if I want to process it this is how it will look like. What it’s meant by tilt shift is that you can select you know, a horizontal region where you want the focus to be maintained. And the rest of it above and below it to be blurred out or out of focus. Ok. So, this is one feature that it can use especially in this case I wanted the centre of of attention to be on this, uhm… on this over here, right. So I can use that. Ok. Another thing that I find it very useful is ‘straighten’. Ok. Because we cannot perfectly hold our smartphone in a level manner. A lot of times that, uh, I found that I take a shot and found that “oh gosh!”. You know. It’s uh… tilted. Right, it’s tilted. So, in the past we… before we have this apps is probably as good as that whole photo. Is, uh… you just as well as just delete it. Right. But don’t despair right now, you can actually salvage your photo. Like in this case you can see that it’s actually tilted, the island is tilted, the table is tilted. Right. This is, uh, and what you can do right is you can actually rotate the photo to make it, you know, to make it level again. So, your shot is not exactly wasted, so to speak. Ok. So you can do all these good tricks. I’ve done quite a number of occasions where I’ve used this to salvage a lot of photos that I’ve taken that turned out to be tilted. Ok. Now, this comes to selective adjust. This is one of the things that I find most useful in Snapseed, in this app Snapseed that I don’t find it in many other apps. It is a very, very powerful feature. That’s why I like to use Snapseed. This is one of the features that I use the most. Ok. So, I just want to give a very, very simple, uh example here. But if you understand this you can actually apply this to a lot of, uh… problems that you have with your photos, you try to remedy. Ok. Like in this case, uhm… what I wanted to do is that, I would like, you know to highlight this this shot that I take. This is actually in Sedona, USA. So, I want to highlight these shots that I take I want to make it turn out to be even more radish. I want to make it, you know, glow, so to speak. So, and this is how it could turn out. What I do is that I can just pinpoint to this right, to this. I just pinpoint on it and then I select how big a field I wanted it to affect, and I just adjust the highlight. The good thing is that it won’t just simply highlight everything. It will highlight and in this case, I make I wanted to selectively saturate the colour. So it will intelligently choose this colour that I highlight that I pinpoint to, and saturate the colour. So, in this case, make it appear to be red-er. So, it’s intelligent enough to select it and doesn’t make any other colours in the photo to be saturated. So it can choose only the colours that I pinpoint to. Ok. Now, uh… This is also very useful in some other shots like I’ve used this many, many times in, when you know, I’m very limited in a way that I can take the shots and when I take the shots, right like uh… especially like backlight. The power of backlight and my subject faces, appear to be, you know, shadow and then darken in the shot. So, this cool trick itself, right I can selectively point to the face and adjust the brightness in the face. And it won’t adjust the background it will adjust only the face. Ok. So, I can pick all the people in the photo, adjust their face make it brightened back up and the shots will turn out beautiful again. So, it’s not a wasted shot. Ok. So, that’s… So, this is a very, very cool feature or trick that you can use in Snapseed. Ok, so to wrap up, right. So. Just to recap, there are three things. Three aspects that you need to take care of that you can think about it and take advantage of. You know, to help you take brilliant photos. Ok. So, the first thing is about frame or how you compose your shots. Ok. And the second one is taking advantage of your camera setting. Right, your camera setting. And the last one is, after taking the shot, how to use apps to to make correction, if you need to correct or compensate for what is lagging in your shots. Ok. Alright. So, with that right I reached the end of my talk here. So, is there any questions ? Maybe I share with you one question that I get asked before. Right. The question that I get asked before is that is the smartphone camera nowadays is so good that it can actually replace a digital SLR camera? Interesting question. My short answer is, still cannot. Still. Still cannot. Ok. Maybe one day. Ok. But in most cases right, uhm… especially in the bright outdoor there’s probably very little difference between smartphone camera you take a photo with your smartphone or using a digital SLR ok, in the bright outdoor. Uhm, where where smartphone can probably be useful is that you want to take candid shots of people. Ok, because smartphone is a little bit less less what you call, uhm… intrusive, alright, in the case that you hold a bulky camera, you know, in front of children, in front of people they probably be a little bit you know, taken aback. But if you want to take impromptu, natural shots right sometimes smartphone because it’s a little bit pervasive, you know, you can take that better. Ok. And obviously, uhm… for the high dynamic, the high dynamic range, the HDR shot which is a very good advantage in that smartphone but other cases right you want to take lowlight ? No, no, no. Smartphone… won’t be able to to beat digital SLR camera. And also you want to take actions photo actions photo. That means you need a very fast uh, what you call uhm, what is that word again… ya, shutter speed. Very fast shutter speed, right. And, nah, you can’t beat smartphone can’t beat that. You want to freeze your keys in action, you know. A sportsman in action. Your ah… you can’t beat a digital SLR camera using a smartphone. Ok, right. Is there a show, is there a question just now ? I saw this gentleman taking the hand ? (someone speaking in the background) What about optical zoom ? (someone speaking in the background) Ah, between a smartphone and a digital SLR camera. Ok. What is, how many maximum usually, let’s take a guess, maximum ? What is the maximum, uhm… what you call zoom range or or what you call the amplification range of a smartphone ? No idea ? (inaudible talking in the background) Yeah. It’s usually about four. Why ? No, four is optical zoom. Ah, I see the gentleman say digital zoom. Uh, yeah. If you see some smartphone that maybe more than four X, right, it’s slightly including digital zoom. Ok. So, uhm… maybe, I think, someone’s probably going to ask me what’s the difference between optical zoom and digital zoom. Haha, right. So… So, don’t trust digital zoom. It’s just a trick, you know. So, digital zoom, what it does is that when you take a photo right, a very big photo, when you say a digital zoom, it’s actually you just crop out that small section inside it what happens is that you lose resolution, you lose details in your zoom, in your shot. Ok. Not a good way to do it. So, you would like optical zoom, actually. Optical zoom, usually only about 4 X. Why ? Why there’s a limit ? Because of the thickness of your smartphone. Ok. It’s limited by the thickness of your smartphone. So, now… For digital SLR how many X of zoom that you can get ? Yup, depending on the lense. You.. you can definitely get… you can choose lense that can offer like telephoto more than 4 x definitely. You have wider flexibility. In this aspect for digital SLR versus a smartphone. And that’s the reason why right digital SLR is better in terms of flexible creating the depths of feel in a portrait shot. Ok. Any other questions ? If not I’ll end with um… my contact here. Ok. So, if some of you playing with smartphones and have some questions or maybe like you have taken a shot and want to show me that yeah, I know, this is a problem that I face you know, what is the best way to take care of this right. You know, if I have the time, I will definitely you know, help to reply and and maybe give some advice and thoughts on that. Ok. Alright. Ok. Thank you, ladies and gentlemen. (applause) Alright.